5 Mistakes to Avoid When Pouring a Concrete Slab

5 Mistakes to Avoid When Pouring a Concrete Slab

Pouring a concrete slab can be a challenging job. Poor planning and lazy execution will result in a structurally deficient slab that also looks bad.

For a slab that will last for decades, avoid these five common mistakes many make when pouring a concrete slab.

Slightly sloping the concrete slab form allows for drainage. (3 Echoes Content Studio)

1. Not Sloping the Forms

When you’re planning a concrete slab, it’s important to consider drainage. If it’s exposed to the elements, the slab should have enough slope so water can drain off of it.

For example, in the video above, we want the new concrete patio to be flush with an existing slab, so we slope the forms in the opposite direction by about one or two percent.

Concrete patio slabs should be at least four inches thick. (3 Echoes Content Studio)

2. Pouring the Slab Too Thin

It’s also important that a slab be thick enough to be durable.

The thickness depends on what you’ll be using the slab for. Concrete driveways and patios need to be at least 4 inches thick, whereas concrete countertops only need to be one and a half inches thick.

In the video above, we want this patio to be at least 3-1/2 inches thick because we’re pouring the concrete over old pavers. So, we use a 2-by-4 gauge block to ensure we have that clearance. 

Steel reinforcement wire helps to keep the concrete slab from crumbling. (3 Echoes Content Studio)

3. Forgetting Reinforcement

Concrete slabs are high in compressive strength, which makes them great at resisting compression forces and impact. But when it comes to tensile strength, or the capacity to resist pulling-apart forces, concrete doesn’t fare as well, according to ConcreteNetwork.com.

This is where steel reinforcement wire can help. Steel reinforcement provides additional structural support for concrete slabs. This is especially important if it will be exposed to heavy traffic.

Tapping the forms with a hammer releases trapped air bubbles. (3 Echoes Content Studio)

4. Leaving Trapped Air Bubbles

It’s not uncommon for air bubbles to develop inside the slab as the concrete is poured. So, it’s a good idea to tap the exterior of the forms to help release them and improve the slab’s strength. 

Expansion joints make cracks due to shrinkage less noticeable. (3 Echoes Content Studio)

5. Not Adding Expansion Joints

As the concrete cures, it will shrink some and may crack. To accommodate for this shrinkage, use a concrete groover to add some expansion joints as the slab cures. This way, if the slab expands, it’s more likely to do it inside these shallow grooves, where it mars the finished surface of the slab. 

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